CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN FISICA E INGENIERIA DEL CENTRO DE LA PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Impurity migration and effects on vacancy formation enthalpy in polycrystalline depleted Uranium
K. LUND, K.G LYNN; M. WEBER; C. MACCHI; A. SOMOZA; A. JUAN; M.A. OKUNIEWSKI
JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2015 vol. 466 p. 343 - 343
We have used Doppler-broadening of the positron-electron annihilation radiation technique and VASP calculations to verify the previously reported vacancy formation enthalpy Hf v in polycrystalline depleted uranium. Experimentally we have confirmed a Hf v of (1.6 ± 0.2) eV. VASP calculations using GGA and LDAapproximations gave vacancy formation enthalpies values of 1.98 eV and 2.22 eV respectively. We found residual oxygen in the sample diminished these values by 50% or more. Our new experimental and theoretical data supports the notion that oxygen impurities in the sample are responsible for lower values of vacancy formation enthalpies. Measured and calculated vacancy formation enthalpies, as well as the obtained oxygen migration enthalpy of (0.6 ± 0.1) eV, are compared and discussed with values reported in the literature.