INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN BIODIVERSIDAD Y BIOTECNOLOGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Haplotype block analysis of an Argentinean hexaploid wheat collection and GWAS for yield components and adaptation
RAMÍREZ, IGNACIO ABEL; DEMICHELIS, MELINA; PONTAROLI, ANA CLARA; LUJÁN BASILE, SILVANA MARISOL; CONDE, MARIA BELÉN; ROGERS, WILLIAM JOHN; VANZETTI, LEONARDO SEBASTIÁN; LUJÁN BASILE, SILVANA MARISOL; CONDE, MARIA BELÉN; ROGERS, WILLIAM JOHN; VANZETTI, LEONARDO SEBASTIÁN; CRESCENTE, JUAN MANUEL; ABBATE, PABLO; HELGUERA, MARCELO; CRESCENTE, JUAN MANUEL; ABBATE, PABLO; HELGUERA, MARCELO; RAMÍREZ, IGNACIO ABEL; DEMICHELIS, MELINA; PONTAROLI, ANA CLARA
BMC PLANT BIOLOGY
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Año: 2019 vol. 19 p. 1 - 16
Background: Increasing wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production is required to feed a growing human population. In order to accomplish this task a deeper understanding of the genetic structure of cultivated wheats and the detection of genomic regions significantly associated with the regulation of important agronomic traits are necessary steps. To better understand the genetic basis and relationships of adaptation and yield related traits, we used a collection of 102 Argentinean hexaploid wheat cultivars genotyped with the 35k SNPs array, grown from two to six years in three different locations. Based on SNPs data and gene-related molecular markers, we performed a haplotype block characterization of the germplasm and a genome-wide association study (GWAS). Results: The genetic structure of the collection revealed four subpopulations, reflecting the origin of the germplasm used by the main breeding programs in Argentina. The haplotype block characterization showed 1268 blocks of different sizes spread along the genome, including highly conserved regions like the 1BS chromosome arm where the 1BL/1RS wheat/rye translocation is located. Based on GWAS we identified ninety-seven chromosome regions associated with heading date, plant height, thousand grain weight, grain number per spike and fruiting efficiency at harvest (FEh). In particular FEh stands out as a promising trait to raise yield potential in Argentinean wheats; we detected fifteen haplotypes/markers associated with increased FEh values, eleven of which showed significant effects in all three evaluated locations. In the case of adaptation, the Ppd-D1 gene is consolidated as the main determinant of the life cycle of Argentinean wheat cultivars. Conclusion: This work reveals the genetic structure of the Argentinean hexaploid wheat germplasm using a wide set of molecular markers anchored to the Ref Seq v1.0. Additionally GWAS detects chromosomal regions (haplotypes) associated with important yield and adaptation components that will allow improvement of these traits through marker-assisted selection.