INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN BIODIVERSIDAD Y BIOTECNOLOGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Pathogenic ability and saline stress tolerance of two Fusarium isolates from Odontesthes bonariensis eggs
DINOLFO, M. I.; SALIBIÁN, A.; PACHECO MARINO, S.G.; DINOLFO, M. I.; STENGLEIN, S.A.; SALIBIÁN, A.; PACHECO MARINO, S.G.; STENGLEIN, S.A.; CABELLO, M. N.; SAPARRAT M. C. N.; CABELLO, M. N.; SAPARRAT M. C. N.
REVISTA IBEROAMERICANA DE MICOLOGIA
ASOCIACION ESPANOLA MICOLOGIA-AEM
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2016 vol. 33 p. 13 - 20
Background: Several fungal species represent a potential risk to embryos of Odontesthes bonariensis (Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835), a euryhaline freshwater fish that lives in the Pampean inland waters and has potential economic relevance.Aims: To identify two fungi isolated from O. bonariensis eggs exposed to saline conditions and to characterize their pathogenicity and tolerance to sodium chloride solutions.Methods: The isolates were identified by morphological features, and a preliminar phylogenetic analysis using sequences of translation elongation factor 1-alpha (EF-1α) and calmodulin (CAM) was performed. Koch´s postulates were tested to identify the causative agent of fungal infection. The influence of NaCl on the fungal growth was evaluated in in vitro assays.Results: The isolates LPSC 1001 and 1002 were identified as representatives of the genus Fusarium, and belonging to the Fusarium incarnatum-F. equiseti species complex (FIESC) and the Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC), respectively. Histological observations on eggs exposed in vitro to both isolates in infectivity assays confirmed the ability of the fungal isolates to penetrate to egg´s chorionic membrane, leading to the death of embryos. Increasing NaCl concentration in the culture medium reduced the growth of the isolates LPSC 1001 and 1002, being completely inhibited at 160 and 120 g/l NaCl respectively.Conclusions: The isolates LPSC 1001 (FIESC) and 1002 (FSSC) were identified as fungal pathogens to O. bonariensis eggs. The use of NaCl solutions as antifungal treatment was not effective to control the infection with these strains.