INBIOTEC   24408
INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN BIODIVERSIDAD Y BIOTECNOLOGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Can soil properties and agricultural land use affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities indigenous from the Argentinean Pampas soils?
Autor/es:
THOUGNON ISLAS, AJ; HERNANDEZ GUIJARRO, K; EYHERABIDE, M; SAINZ ROZAS, HR; ECHEVERR√ćA, HE; COVACEVICH, F.
Revista:
APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY
Editorial:
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Referencias:
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2016 vol. 101 p. 47 - 56
ISSN:
0929-1393
Resumen:
In order to determine if intensive agricultural land use and/or edaphic characteristics modify thecommunity of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) indigenous of soils from the Argentinean Pampa;mycorrhizal colonization, sporulation, glomalin (GRSP) and genetic diversity were assessed. Soils werecollected from seven localities from Buenos Aires Province (Argentina) under contrasting land useintensity (at each site both pristine and agricultural soils). The capacity for root colonization, sporulationand glomalin content of trap plants and growth substrate were considered as measure of AMF activity.Analysis of diversity was conducted using PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP). Profileswere generated by using primers to amplify the 28S rDNA of AMF from rDNA extracted directly from thesubstrate of trap plant or AMF spore. Five bands of the SSCP gel were sequenced and showed similaritywith the genus Glomus. Analysis of colonization and GRSP content, were not clearly related to the land useintensity but sporulation capacity was, in general, lower in agricultural soils than in pristine ones. Soilphosphorus, ferrum and zinc contents, were negatively related to the root colonization and sporulationcapacities. High genetic diversity was found both from soil and spore samples. Although similar diversitywas found under agricultural and pristine soils, in most sites SSCP-diversity was separately clustered byland use. Still remains clarify if soil characteristics, resulting from agricultural management; exertselection pressure on the AMF and whether they could be vectors of interest to select potential plantgrowth promoting microorganisms.