Thermodynamic model for process design, simulation and optimization in the production of biodiesel
N. COTABARREN; P. HEGEL; S. PEREDA
FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2014 vol. 362 p. 108 - 112
The separation processes of the biodiesel production process require thermodynamic models able to correlate and predict the phase equilibria of mixtures at different stages of the process. Moreover, some units like those in the glycerol washing sector, require high accuracy due to their sensitivity to the components distribution coefficients. In this work, the Group Contribution Equation of State (GCA-EoS) is applied to model several systems of importance in this field. The mixtures evaluated can be highly non-ideal, especially in the last purification steps where polar compounds are infinitely diluted in biodiesel. Experimental VLE and LLE data were satisfactorily correlated and predicted with a single set of interaction parameters, using a simplified version of the association contribution of the model. In this way GCA-EoS can be used for the whole process with a faster convergence of simulated units in comparison with the case of considering the rigorous association model. Furthermore, considering that GCA-EoS is a group contribution model, biodiesel production from different raw material, i.e soy, palm or canola oil, can be predicted without requiring new parameters adjustment. The prediction model can be applied to the design, simulation and optimization of the production and purification sections.