HD 38858: a solar-type star with a 10.8 yr activity cycle. Searching for Balmer and metallic line variations
FLORES, M.; GONZALEZ, FEDERICO; JAQUE ARANCIBIA, MARCELO; SAFFE, CARLOS; BUCCINO, A.; LÓPEZ, F. M.; IBAÑEZ BUSTOS, R. V.; MIQUELARENA, PAULA
ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS
EDP SCIENCES S A
Lugar: Paris; Año: 2018 p. 1 - 9
Context. The detection of chromospheric activity cycles in solar-analogue and twin stars, can be used to put in context the solar cycle. However, there is a relatively low percentage of these stars with activity cycles detected. It is well known that the cores of Ca II H&K lines are modulated by stellar activity. The behaviour of Balmer and other optical lines with stellar activity is not yet completely understood.Aims. To search for Ca II H&K, Balmer and Fe II line variations modulated by the stellar activity. In particular, we apply a novel strategy to detect possible shape variations in the Hα line.Methods. We analyse activity signatures in HD 38858 by using HARPS and CASLEO spectra obtained between 2003 and 2017. We calculate the Mount Wilson index (Smw), log(R′HK) and the statistical moments of Ca II H&K, Balmer and other optical lines. We search for periodicities by using the generalized Lomb-Scargle periodogram.Results. We detect a long-term activity cycle of 10.8 yr in Ca II H&K and Hα, being HD 38858 one of the most similar stars to the Sun for which a cycle has been detected. In contrast, this cycle is marginally detected in the Fe II lines. Also, we detect a noticeable radial velocity variation, which seems to be produced by stellar activity.Conclusions. HD 38858 is the second solar-analogue star where we find a clear activity cycle which is replicated by Balmer lines. Spectral indexes based on the shape of Hα seems to be more reliable than the fluxes in the same line to detect activity variations. On the other hand, the cyclic modulation detected gives place to a radial velocity variation, previously associated to a super-Earth planet. Finally, due to the similarity of HD 38858 with the Sun, we recommend to continue monitoring this star.