INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN MICROBIOLOGIA Y PARASITOLOGIA MEDICA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Genetic, clinical and epidemiological characterization of canine leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum in northeastern Argentina
BARROSO PAOLA; NEVOT CECILIA; HOYOS CARLOS; LOCATELLI FABRICIO; LAUTHIER JUAN JOSÉ; RUYBAL PAULA; CARDOZO RUBEN; RUSSO PABLO; VASSILIADES CAROLA; MORA MARÍA CELIA; ESTEVEZ OCTAVIO; HASHIGUCHI YOSHIHISA ; KORENAGA MASATAKA; BASOMBRIO MIGUEL; MARCO JORGE DIEGO
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2015 vol. 150 p. 218 - 218
Leishmaniases comprise zoonotic diseases caused by protozoan flagellates of the Leishmania genus. They are endemic to South America, and the visceral form has been recently reported in Argentina. Dogs can play different roles in the Leishmania transmission cycles, depending mainly on the species of parasite involved. Here we focused on the clinical characterization of canine leishmaniasis (CanL) in Northeast Argentina and on the molecular typing of its etiological agent. The nested polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis of the Leishmania cytochrome b (cyt b) gene was performed on DNA templates purified from lymph nodes, bone marrow or spleen aspirates obtained from 48 dogs previously diagnosed by the observation of Leishmania amastigotes on smears from these aspirates. Their clinical and epidemiological data were also recorded. Systemic abnormalities were observed in 46 subjects (95.8%), most frequently lymphadenopathy, and emaciation (89.6 and 75%). Furthermore, 87% also presented tegumentary abnormalities, such as alopecia (54.2%) or secondary skin lesions (47.9%), among others. Twenty three dogs were positive for cyt b amplification. The sequence analysis showed the presence of two genotypes, LiA1 and LiA2, assigned to Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum, with 99.9 and 100% homology with the reference strain MHOM/TN/80/IPT1 respectively. LiA1 was identified in 18 cases (78.3%) and LiA2 in five (21.7%). Two cyt b variants of L. (L.) infantum were incriminated as the causative agents of CanL cases from three cities: Posadas, Garupá, and Ituzaingó. All three cities are located in the northeastern area of the country, where these parasites seem to be spreading in urban areas.