INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN MICROBIOLOGIA Y PARASITOLOGIA MEDICA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Direct, immunological and molecular techniques for a fasciolosis survey in a rural area of San Luis, Argentina
CARNEVALE S, CABRERA MG, CUCHER MA, DI RISIO CA, MALANDRINI JB, KAMENETZKY L, ALAZRAQUI M, ETCHART CB, PANTANO ML, VELÁSQUEZ JN
Journal of Parasitic Diseases
Fasciolosis is a zoonosis caused by the trematodeFasciola hepatica, prevalent in cattle, that is actually emerging as a cause of disease in humans. The goal of thiswork was to describe the characteristics of fasciolosis in arroyo El Juncal region, La Toma, San Luis province, Argentina. In order to get this objective, a transversal, quantitative study was carried out by a fieldwork that allowed the collection of data, human, animal, and environmental samples. The materials were processed by direct, immunological and/or molecular diagnostic techniques. According to the geographical characteristics and in presence of all the definitive and intermediate hosts, reservoirs, and sources of infection, it was possible to describe the persistence of fasciolosis in the area. The prevalence was 11.90 % in humans (by serology), 5.26 % in cattle (by coprological analysis) and 61.76 % in snails (by PCR). The situation that was found for this area indicates that any measure of intervention for the control of this zoonosis should be adopted by multidisciplinary teams.