INSTITUTO DE ANTROPOLOGIA DE CORDOBA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Ecosystem modeling using artificial neural networks: An archaeological tool
D'ANTONI, HECTOR; SOMOZA, MARIANO; PALACIO, PATRICIA; BURRY, LIDIA SUSANA; TRIVI, MATILDE; MARCONETTO, BERNARDA
JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE
Año: 2017 vol. 18 p. 739 - 739
Prediction of past Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (paleo-NDVI) in Valle de Ambato (Catamarca, Argentina) in the periods of 550-650 and 1550-1650. CE was carried out to test the efficacy of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to predict past environments for Archaeology. This work shows that both subtropical Yunga and xerophytic Chaqueña vegetations respond in contrasting fashion to changes in climate forcings. To predict the past an ANN perceptron multilayer model was used. Modern NDVI data and Tree-Ring data were obtained from NOAA-Paleoclimate, and other public sources. These data were used to train the model. Real data and predictions were close (Pearson correlation 0.83-0.90) and warranted the following step, hindcasting. Important paleo-NDVI fluctuations lasting 15 to 20. years were identified in both periods under study. The paleo-NDVI fluctuations in the earlier period were probably related to the unidentified eruption of 583. The fluctuations in the later period appear related to the eruption of 1600 of the Huaynaputina volcano (SW Peru). These findings suggest that the model accurately identified vegetation fluctuations in response to changes in the volcanic forcing. Hence, the ANNs may be considered as apt tools for modeling past environments in support of archaeology.