INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Contribution of TLR2 pathway in the pathogenesis of vulvovaginal candidiasis
RODRÍGUEZ, EMILSE; GARCÍA, LUCIANA N.; RIERA, FERNANDO OSCAR; VIGEZZI, CECILIA; PAINETTI, NAHUEL; CAEIRO, JUAN PABLO; MIRÓ, MARÍA SOLEDAD; ICELY, PAULA ALEJANDRA; MALDONADO, CRISTINA A.; SOTOMAYOR, CLAUDIA ELENA
Pathogens and Disease
Oxford University Press
Año: 2017 vol. 75
Candida albicans is the prevalent etiological agent in acute vulvovaginal infection and the most severe chronic condition known as recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). A critical role of local innate immunity in defense and pathogenesis of vaginal infection by Candida is proposed. The fungal recognition by the innate immune receptor is an essential step for the induction of local responses including cytokines and antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) production for host protection. Using TLR2-deficient mice, we characterized the early innate immune response during VVC. Intravaginal challenge of TLR2-/- mice with C. albicans demonstrated that in response to the initial massive penetration, a strong local inflammatory reaction with recruitment of polymorphonuclear neutrophils was developed. Both interleukin 1β (IL1β)-regarded as the hallmark of VVC immunopathogenesis-and IL6 were increased in vaginal lavage. Murine beta defensin 1 (mBD1), a constitutive AMP with fungicidal and chemotactic activity, was significantly upregulated in wild type (WT) animals in response to infection. Interestingly, in the absence of TLR2 recognition, levels of mBD1 RNA more than twice higher than those in WT infected animals were observed. Interestingly, our results demonstrate that TLR2 signaling is important to control the fungal burden in the vaginal tract. These finding provide new evidence about the role of this innate receptor during VVC.