INICSA   23916
INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Identification of dietary patterns in urban population of Argentina: study on diet-obesity relation in population-based prevalence study
Autor/es:
DE LA QUINTANA AG; DÍAZ MP; ABALLAY, LR; POU, SA; FORTE CA
Revista:
NUTRITION RESEARCH AND PRACTICE
Editorial:
KOREAN NUTRITION SOC
Referencias:
Año: 2016
ISSN:
1976-1457
Resumen:
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In Argentina, obesity prevalence rose from 14.6% in 2005 to 20.8% in 2013. Although the numberof studies on noncommunicable diseases and dietary patterns as a unique dietary exposure measure has increased, informationon this topic remains scarce in developing countries. This is the first population-based study investigating the associationbetween diet and obesity using a dietary pattern approach in Argentina. We aimed (a) to identify current dietary patternsof the population of Córdoba city, (b) to investigate its association with obesity prevalence, and (c) to identify and describedietary patterns from the subgroup of people with obesity.SUBJECTS/METHODS: The Córdoba Obesity and Diet Study (CODIES) was conducted in Córdoba city by using a random sampleof n = 4,327 subjects between 2005 and 2012. Empirically derived dietary patterns were identified through principal componentfactor analysis. A multiple logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association of dietary patterns with obesity.RESULTS: Four dietary patterns were identified, called ?Starchy-Sugar?, ?Prudent?, ?Western?, and ?Sugary drinks?. High scoresfor the ?Western? pattern (with strongest factor loading on meats/eggs, processed meats, and alcohol) showed a positive associationwith obesity (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.06-1.67, for third versus first tertile of factor score). ?Meats/Cheeses? and ?Snacks/Alcohol? patternsemerged in people with obesity.CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that high adherence to the ?Western? pattern promoted obesity in this urban population.In addition, people with obesity showed characteristic dietary patterns that differ from those identified in the overall population.Nutrition Research and Practice 2016 September 26; pISSN 1976-1457 eISSN 2005-6168
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