INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Time dependent changes in the intestinal Ca2+ absorption in rats with type I diabetes mellitus are associated with alterations in the intestinal redox state
RIVOIRA M ; RODRÍGUEZ V; PERALTA LÓPEZ M; TOLOSA DE TALAMONI N
BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. MOLECULAR BASIS OF DISEASE
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2015 vol. 1852 p. 386 - 386
The aim was to determine the intestinal Ca2+ absorption in type I diabetic rats after different times of STZ induction, as well as the gene and protein expression of molecules involved in both the transcellular and paracelluar Ca2+ pathways. The redox state and the antioxidant enzymes of the enterocytes were also evaluated in duodenum from either diabetic or insulin-treated diabetic rats as compared to control rats. Male Wistar rats (150?200 g) were divided into two groups: 1) controls and 2) STZ-induced diabetic rats (60 mg/kg b.w.). A group of diabetic rats received insulin for five days. The insulin was adjusted daily to maintain a normal blood glucose level. Five 5 d after STZ injection, there was a reduction in the intestinal Ca2+ absorption, which was maintained for 30 d and disappeared at 60 d. Similar changes occurred in the GSH and ˙O2− levels. The protein expression of molecules involved in the transcellular pathway increased at 5 and 30 d returning to control values at 60 d. Their mRNA levels declined considerably at 60 d. The gene and protein expression of claudin 2 was upregulated at 30 d. Catalase activity increased at 5 and 30 d normalizing at 60 d. To conclude, type I D.m. inhibits the intestinal Ca2+ absorption, which is transient leading to a time dependent adaptation and returning the absorptive process to normal values. The inhibition is accompanied by oxidative stress. When insulin is administered, the duodenal redox state returns to control values and the intestinal Ca2+ absorption normalizes.