INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Role of ghrelin on fertilization, early embryo development and implantation: a descriptive study
LUQUE EM; TORRES PJ; DE LOREDO N; VINCENTI LM; STUTZ G; SANTILLÁN ME; RUIZ RD; FIOL DE CUNEO M; MARTINI AC
Lugar: Bristol; Año: 2015 vol. 148 p. 159 - 159
In order to clarify the physiological role of ghrelin in gestation, we evaluated the effects of administration of exogenous ghrelin (2 or 4 nmol/animal per day) or its antagonist (6 nmol/animal per day of (D-Lys3)GHRP6) on fertilization, early embryo development, and implantation periods in mice. Three experiments were performed, treating female mice with ghrelin or its antagonist: i) starting from 1 week before copulation to 12 h after copulation, mice were killed at day 18 of gestation; ii) since ovulation induction until 80 h later, when we retrieved the embryos from oviducts/uterus, and iii) starting from days 3 to 7 of gestation (peri-implantation), mice were killed at day 18. In experiments 1 and 3, the antagonist and/or the highest dose of ghrelin signiﬁcantly increased the percentage of atrophied fetuses and that of females exhibiting this ﬁnding or a higher amount of corpora lutea compared with fetuses (nCL/nF) (experiment 3: higher nCL/nF-atrophied fetuses: ghrelin 4, 71.4?71.4% and antagonist, 75.0?62.5% vs ghrelin 2, 46.2K15.4% and control, 10?0.0%; nZ7?13 females/group; P!0.01). In experiment 2, the antagonist diminished the fertilization rate, and both, ghrelin and the antagonist, delayed embryo development (blastocysts: ghrelin 2, 62.5%; ghrelin 4, 50.6%; and antagonist, 61.0% vs control 78.4%; nZ82?102 embryos/treatment; P!0.0001). In experiment 3, additionally, ghrelin (4 nmol/day) and the antagonist signiﬁcantly diminished the weight gain of fetuses and dams during pregnancy. Our results indicate that not only hyperghrelinemia but also the inhibition of the endogenous ghrelin effects exerts negative effects on the fertilization, implantation, and embryo/fetal development periods, supporting the hypothesis that ghrelin (in ?adequate? concentrations) has a physiological role in early gestational events.