INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Dietary habits and prostate cancer prevention: a review of observational studies by focusing on South america.
NICLIS C; DIAZ MP; EYNARD AR; ROMAN MD; LA VECCHIA C
NUTRITION AND CANCER (ONLINE)
Lugar: London; Año: 2012 vol. 64 p. 23 - 23
There exist several works considering the association between diet and prostate cancer (PC) risk, but the issue is largely unsettled. This article systematically reviews the epidemiological studies on diet and risk of PC focusing on those carried out in countries of South America. There is some suggestion that dairy products, red meat, processed meat, á-linoleic fatty acids, as well as dietary patterns characterized by higher intakes of red and processed meat, eggs and grains, may play some role in the development of prostate cancer. There is no clear association with the intake of vegetables and fruits, lycopene, fats, and different types of fatty acids. The evidence on diet and prostate cancer is therefore inconclusive in general and specifically in South America. Particular attention must be paid to the study of cancer risk in some countries of South America because of the singularly risky dietary pattern consumed by its population.