INSTITUTO DE DIVERSIDAD Y ECOLOGIA ANIMAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Characterization of forest carbon stocks at the landscape scale in the Argentine Dry Chaco
NÁZARO, MARÍA GABRIELA; GASPARRI, NÉSTOR IGNACIO; NANNI, ANA SOFÍA; TORRES, RICARDO; POWELL, PRISCILA ANA; LOTO, DANTE
FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Año: 2018 vol. 424 p. 21 - 21
One of the most proposed climate change mitigation strategies is carbon sequestration by vegetation. This depends on the rate of carbon uptake and transformation in biomass, the rate of release through respiration, and the stability of the stocks to disturbances. Forest diversity influences these factors, in a degree that varies according to certain functional characteristics. The Dry Chaco is the largest dry forest in the world, and one of the regions with the highest deforestation rates of the planet. Our aim was to geographically describe three carbon stock attributes from forest communities of the Dry Chaco Forests in Argentina at the landscape scale: wood density, tree height and annual carbon increase in aboveground biomass, as proxies of forest stability and carbon long-term persistence. In addition, we evaluated the relationships between these attributes and climate features, in the search of potential climate controls. Higher precipitation during the growing season and low mean annual temperature benefited the combination of these three treats related to C storage persistence. The distribution of the most favorable states of the three attributes is centered at the northwestern area of the Dry Chaco. Our geographic description of carbon stocks attributes can contribute to more suitable conservation planning and allows forecasting potential shifts in forests due to climate change.