IDEA   23902
INSTITUTO DE DIVERSIDAD Y ECOLOGIA ANIMAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Protected areas and spatial conservation priorities for endemic vertebrates of the Gran Chaco, one of the most threatened ecoregions of the world
Autor/es:
LESCANO, JULIƁN N.; BALDO, DIEGO J.; TORRES, RICARDO; PERIAGO, MARIA EUGENIA; NORI, JAVIER; CORDIER, MAXIMILIANO
Revista:
DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS
Editorial:
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Referencias:
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2016
ISSN:
1366-9516
Resumen:
Aim To evaluate the representativeness of the current network of protectedareas (PAs) of one of the most threatened ecoregions in the world, the SouthAmerican Gran Chaco, and determine priority conservation areas for endemic(and nearly endemic) terrestrial vertebrates of the region.Location South America.Methods We identified all those amphibians, mammals and birds whose distributions were at least 70% within the Gran Chaco. Then, we refined and corrected species? distributional ranges, first, using records from collections andexpert knowledge, and second, by incorporating environmental and topographic data using a technique for range polygon refinement. Lastly, we usedZONATION, a spatial conservation prioritization software, to evaluate representativeness of the current protected areas (PAs) network of the region and todefine forest remnants to strategically expand PAs while maximizing the representativeness of the selected groups and considering human activities.Results Current PAs cover 9% of the region and represent 9.1% of the total distribution of endemic species. Considering our prioritization, increasing the coverage to17% to match the Aichi targets would substantially increase the representativeness ofthe PA network, covering on average more than 30% of the ranges of all endemicspecies and 77% of the distributions of threatened and DD endemic species.Main conclusions Our results highlight that the need for well-informed decisions in the Gran Chaco is imperative. While the current PA network in theregion ensures a very poor representation of endemic terrestrial vertebrates,opportunities to efficiently expand the PAs network are really high. Thisemphasizes the potential of complementarity-based systematic conservationplanning tools as an essential support for conservation decisions. Given thegreat information gaps regarding biodiversity and human activities in theregion, similar studies with updated data would improve conservation planningin the Gran Chaco in the future