INSTITUTO DE DIVERSIDAD Y ECOLOGIA ANIMAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Biological control of Alphitobius diaperinus with Steinernema rarum CUL and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora SMC and feasibility of application in rice hull
DEL VALLE, E.E.; ZBRUN, M.V.; FRIZZO, L.S.; LAX, P.; MALMIERCA, M.; DOUCET, M.E.
JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE
Lugar: HEIDELBERG; Año: 2016 vol. 89 p. 161 - 161
Chemical insecticides often are not efficient in reducing Alphitobius diaperinus populations in poultry farms and have induced insect resistance. Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) appear as an alternative to pest biocontrol agents; however, their efficiency on rice hull litter is still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of Steinernema rarum (CUL isolate), Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (SMCisolate) and their symbiotic bacteria as biocontrol agents of A. diaperinus larvae and adults in rice hull litter. Mortality of insect adults and fifth- and seventh-instar larvae was determined in Petri dishes containing filter paper or rice hull. The effect of Xenorhabdus szentirmaii and Photorhabdus luminescens on L7 and adults in rice hull substrate was also evaluated. Moreover, the effectiveness of the EPNs was assessed in bags in an environment simulating the prevailing conditions in a broiler chicken farm. Under laboratory conditions, insect mortality was significantly affected by EPN species, substrate, insect stage and time after application. Mortality of L5 and L7 caused by EPNs in rice hulls reached a peak of 64 and 57.3 %, respectively, whereas symbiotic bacteria applied on rice hull showed low mortality rate at both insect stages. In the simulated poultry farm conditions, S. rarum and H. bacteriophora caused up to 40.8 and 50.4 % mortality of A. diaperinus larvae, respectively, but with adult mortality being low for both species. We conclude that infective juveniles from S. rarum CUL and H. bacteriophora SMC isolates can be used as biological control agents of A. diaperinus larvae in chicken litter containing rice hulls.