INSTITUTO DE DIVERSIDAD Y ECOLOGIA ANIMAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Phylogenetic relationships among populations of the Nacobbus aberrans complex (Nematoda, Pratylenchidae) reveal the existence of cryptic species
LAX P, RONDAN DUEÑAS JC, GARDENAL CN Y DOUCET M
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2014 vol. 43 p. 184 - 184
The plant-parasitic nematode Nacobbus aberrans sensu lato is an agricultural pest of quarantine importance. Due to the morphometric, physiological and genetic variability observed within the species, there is no agreement on the taxonomy of this nematode. The objective of this study was to analyse the ITS rDNA region and the D2-D3 expansion segments of 28S rDNA in 10 Argentine populations and one from Ecuador, and to establish their phylogenetic relationship with other known sequences from South and North America. Phylogenetic trees of the ITS gene showed seven statistically well supported clades; the high and significant FST values obtained among these groups confirmed this partitioning. The Argentine populations here considered were separated into three clades: one comprising a population from the Andean region and two grouping nematodes from lower altitudes. Three other clades were distinguished for South American populations, which included known sequences of individuals from Peru, Bolivia and north of Argentina. The other clade included sequences from Mexico, Ecuador and two Argentine populations of unknown origin. The important degree of genetic divergence observed among Andean populations suggests that the Andes may have played a crucial role in speciation of Nacobbus, which would have originated in this region. Although D2-D3 segments exhibited lower variation, they were useful for establishing phylogenetic relationships among the Argentine populations considered in this work. As there are no other GenBank sequences available for these segments, it was not possible to make comparisons with other populations from South and North America. The considerable genetic differentiation observed in ITS rDNA region among Nacobbus populations showed evidence of cryptic species within the N. aberrans s.l. complex. Integration of morphological and morphometric studies and molecular analyses considering other genes may aid in the identification of species and their phylogenetic relationships within this genus.