Geoffroea decorticans fruit extracts inhibit the wnt/beta-catenin pathway, a therapeutic target in cancer
SOMAINI, GABRIELA C.; AYBAR, MANUEL J.; VERA, NANCY R.; TRÍBULO, CELESTE
BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Año: 2021 vol. 546 p. 118 - 123
Geoffroea decorticans (chañar) is commonly used for culinary and medicinal purposes in rural communities. The aim of this work was to chemically characterize three Geoffroea decorticans extracts and determine their capacity to modulate the wnt/β-catenin pathway. This signaling pathway plays a key role in embryonic development but its overactivation leads to cancer cell growth. Phytochemical analysis of extracts showed presence of major classes of phytochemicals. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry results revealed the presence of acids, esters and furanic compounds. Using Xenopus embryos as in vivo model organisms, we found that the extracts modulated dorso-ventral axis formation and rescued hyperdorsalized phenotypes produced by LiCl treatment. In agreement with these findings, Geoffroea decorticans extracts decreased β-catenin levels and suppressed the expression of wnt target genes such as xnr3 and chordin, thus demonstrating an inhibitory regulation of the wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. All these results support a new role for Geoffroea decorticans fruit derivatives with possible anti-carcinogenic actions.