FORASIEPI Analia Marta
Neotropical mammal diversity and the Great American Biotic Interchange: spatial and temporal variation in South America?s fossil record
CARRILLO, J.D.; FORASIEPI, A.M.; JARAMILLO, C; SANCHEZ-VILLAGRA M.
frontiers in genetics
EPFL - Innovation Square, Building I
Lugar: Lausanne; Año: 2015 vol. 5 p. 1 - 11
The vast mammal diversity of the Neotropics is the result of a long evolutionary history. During most of the Cenozoic, South America was an island continent with an endemic mammalian fauna. This isolation ceased at the late Neogene after the formation of the Isthmus of Panama, resulting in an event known as the Great American Biotic Interchange (GABI). In this study, we investigate biogeographic patterns in South America, just before or when the first immigrants are recorded and we review the temporal and geographical distribution of fossil mammals during the GABI. We performed a dissimilarity analysis which grouped the faunal assemblages according to their age and their geographic distribution. Our data supports the differentiation between tropical and temperate assemblages in South America during the middle and late Miocene. The GABI begins at the late Miocene (~10?7 Ma) and the putative oldest migrations are recorded in the temperate region, where the number of GABI participants rapidly increases after 5 Ma and continues this trend during the Pleistocene. A sampling bias towards higher latitudes and younger records challenges the study of the temporal and geographic patterns of the GABI.