ZURITA Alfredo Eduardo
congresos y reuniones científicas
A NEW GLYPTODONTINAE (XENARTHRA, GLYPTODONTIDAE) FROM NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: ITS IMPLICATIONS IN THE GREAT AMERICAN BIOTIC INTERCHANGE
ZURITA, A. E; CARLINI, A. A; GILLETTE, D.
Congreso; SVP Annual Meeting; 2010
Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
The population dynamics of the Glyptodontinae (Glyptodontidae) during the Great American Biotic Interchange (GABI) has been reinterpreted as a bidirectional process, with the reentry of some North American taxa in the latest Pleistocene into Venezuela. The first records of Glyptodontinae in North America are cf. Glyptotherium Osborn, from Pliocene of north-central Mexico. A new Glyptodontinae from the late Pliocene of northern Venezuela (San Gregorio Formation), prior the GABI, presents significant paleobiogeographical and phylogenetic implications. The material is represented by numerous osteoderms of the dorsal carapace. From a morphological perspective a comparison with the North American taxa (Pliocene-Late Pleistocene; Glyptotherium spp.) and with the southern South American taxa (Late Miocene-Early Holocene; Glyptodontidium tuberifer Cabrera, Paraglyptodon chapalmalensis Ameghino in Rovereto, P. uquiensis Castellanos and Glyptodon Owen), reveals a closer relationship with Glyptotherium than to the southern South American forms. Some of these characters could be interpreted as primitive for the Glyptodontines. Shared characters include: a) the sulci that delimit the central figure are shallower and narrower than observed in the southern South American taxa; b) the dorso-ventral diameter of the osteoderms is less than in Paraglyptodon, Glyptodontidium and Glyptodon; c) the exposed surface of the osteoderms is clearly rough and punctate; d) the central figure in the exposed surface is bigger. The available evidence suggests: a) this new late Pliocene Glyptodontine from northern South America is closely related to those that participated in the GABI and the ancestry of Glyptotherium; b) in turn, the southern South American taxa, especially the Miocene and Pliocene ones (i.e., G. tuberifer and Paraglyptodon) are clearly more closely related to the Pleistocene genus Glyptodon; c) finally, it is possible that the northern Boreostemma spp. and the new Glyptodontinae here presented) and southern taxa (Glyptodontidium, Paraglyptodon, Glyptodon of South America represent lineages separated from, at least, Late Miocene-early Pliocene.