Mesozooplankton assemblages and their relationship with environmental variables: a study case in a disturbed bay (Beagle Channel, Argentina).
BIANCALANA, F.; DUTTO, M. S.; BERASATEGUI, A. A.; KOPPRIO, G.; HOFFMEYER, M. S.
ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
Lugar: Berlin; Año: 2014 vol. 186 p. 8629 - 8629
This study focused on the seasonal and spatial analysis of the mesozooplankton community in a humanimpacted subantarctic bay in Argentina and aimed to detect assemblages associated with environmental variability. Mesozooplankton samples and environmental data were obtained in the Ushuaia Bay (UB) seasonally, from August 2004 to June 2005, and spatially, from coastal (more polluted), middle (less influenced) and open sea water (free polluted) sampling stations. Remarkable seasonal changes on the mesozooplankton community were observed. Nitrogenated nutrients, chlorophyll a, salinity and temperature were the prevailing environmental conditions likely associated with the different mesozooplankton assemblages found in the bay. The copepodsEurytemora americana, Acartia tonsa, Podon leuckartiand Nematoda were particularly observed on the northwest coast of the bay, characterized by the highest level of urban pollution, eutrophicated by sewage and freshwater inputs from the Encerrada Bay which is connected to it. The stations situated in the northeast area, mostly influenced by freshwater input from rivers and glacier melting, showed low mesozooplankton abundances and an important contribution of adventitious plankton. The copepods Ctenocalanus citer, Clausocalanus brevipesand Drepanopus forcipatuswere mostly observed at the stations located near the Beagle Channel, characterized by open sea and free polluted waters. Our findings suggest that the variations observed in the mesozooplankton assemblages in the UB seem to be modulated by environmental variables associatedwith the anthropogenic influence, clearly detected on the coast of the bay. Certain opportunistic species such asA. tonsaandE. americana could be postulated as potential bioindicators of water quality in subantarctic coastal ecosystems.