WUILLOUD Rodolfo German
congresos y reuniones científicas
Modulation of beta-catenin, Hsp27 and caveolin-1 by cadmium in HeLa cells
ALVAREZ-OLMEDO, O.; CUELLO-CARRION, F. D.; MARTINIS, E. M.; WUILLOUD, R. G.; GIBERT, B.; ARRIGO, A. P.; CIOCCA, D. R.; FANELLI, M. A.
Conferencia; INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HEAT SHOCK PROTEINS IN CANCER AND IMMUNOLOGY; 2010
Cell Stress Society International
The metal cadmium (Cd) is an environmental pollutant that enters the body through diet and/or through cigarette smoke. It has been classified as a class 1 carcinogen associated with different human cancer types. It works in all stages of the oncogenic process through multiple non-exclusive mechanisms that affect different intracellular pathways. Cd is the best characterized metalloestrogen, acting via estrógeno receptor (ER_). Also, ER-independent pathways are affected by Cd. At the level of distal proximal tubule cells, Cd induced disruption of adherens junctions mediated by Ecadherin, -catenin was translocated to the cytosol and nucleus promoting cell proliferation and impeding apoptosis. Previously, we have demonstrated that -catenin was associated with Hsp27 and caveolin-1 in human breast cancer biopsies, and that -catenin was related with the disease prognosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Cd on survival and apoptosis by modulating the expression and localization of -catenin, Hsp27 and caveolin-1 in an ER-negative cell line. We studied HeLa cells under different CdCl2 concentrations (0, 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 µM), the cells were exposed during three hours. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT and clonogenic assay. The localization and expression levels of _-catenin, Hsp27 and caveolin-1 were evaluated by immunocytochemistry and Western blots (in total protein extracts, cytosolic and nuclear fractions). Apoptosis was assessed by the TUNEL and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. We found that Cd treatment reduced the cell viability to 26% and drastically reduced colony formation starting from 5 µM CdCl2 and induced significant changes in the levels of the proteins studied. The localization of -catenin was modified and its expression increased in the cytoplasm. The Bax/Bcl-2 ratio significantly decreased (