WILLIAMS Veronica Isabel
New Data on Food Consumption in Pre-Hispanic Populations from Northwest Argentina (ca. 1000-1550 A.D.): The Contribution of Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopic Composition of Human Bones,
MARÍA SOLEDAD GHEGGI; VERONICA I. WILLIAMS
Journal of Anthropology
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Lugar: Nueva York; Año: 2013 vol. 2013 p. 1 - 13
We present data on carbon and nitrogen isotopic composition of human bones from Tolombon (Calchaqui Valley, Salta) and Esquina de Huajra (Quebrada deHumahuaca, Jujuy) sites located in Northwest Argentina (NWA). Both are complex archaeological residential settlements ascribed to the Regional Development Period (ca. 900?1430 A.D.), the Inca Period (ca. 1430-1536 A.D.), and the Early Colonial Period (ca. 1536-1600 A.D.). Twelve samples of human bones were collected and analyzed, including remains from individuals of both sexes and different ages at death.We also present the carbon and nitrogen isotopic composition of modern plants from nearby areas in order to start building an isotopic ecology of the area and compile available information on food consumption from different lines of evidence. The isotopic results obtained reveal the consumption of C4 plants, which for the area are maize and amaranth, combined with animal proteins.The integration of these results with the broader database was useful to discuss the political and economical implications of the findings, especially in the context of this area under the Inca domination.