URTREGER Alejandro Jorge
congresos y reuniones científicas
Involvement of Retinoic Acid Receptors RARb and RARg in growth, self-renewal and differentiation on mammary cancer stem cells
DAMIAN E. BERARDI; CAROLINA FLUMIAN; MARIA I. DIAZ BESSONE; STÉFANO M. CIRIGLIANO; ELISA D. BAL DE KIER JOFFÉ; ALEJANDRO J. URTREGER; LAURA B. TODARO
Congreso; 106th Annual Meeting of the American Associaton for Cancer Research; 2015
American Associaton for Cancer Research (AACR)
Retinoids exert different effects on cell differentiation and malignant phenotype reversion through the modulation of Retinoid Acid Receptors (RAR). In this work we have analyzed the involvement of retinoid system induction on proliferation, self-renewal and differentiation of cancer stem cells (CSC) using the triple negative mammary cell line LM38-LP. In order to obtain a CSC enriched culture, cells where cultured under mammosphere conditions. We performed mammosphere cultures in order to enrich in CSC. The treatment with All-trans retinoid acid (ATRA1 uM for 96 h) reduced CSC growth rate evaluated as mammosphere diameter (Control: 176±8 um vs. ATRA: 129±10 um). Surprisingly, ATRA pre-treatment for 96 h increased CSC self-renewal evaluated as the number of secondary mammospheres (Control: 313±19; ATRA: 495±21) and as the clonogenic capacity of LM38-LP CSC (Control: 6±0.5; ATRA: 11±1.2). Concomitant with these biological effects, the same treatment showed, by RT-PCR, an increase in RARb and RARg levels in LM38-LP- CSC. Through the use of specific RAR antagonists, we found that RARg inhibition impaired ATRA effects on self-renewal but RARb inhibition increased the number of secondary mammospheres (Control: 382±27; ATRA: 735±11; ATRA/RARg antagonist: 352±17; ATRA/RARb Antagonist: 1260±177). Similar result was observed when we analyzed clonogenic capacity in RARg blocked cells. Finally, we performed a matrigel 3D culture using cells from LM38-LP mammospheres. Under these conditions, colonies presented large irregular structures while ATRA treatment led to the formation of differentiated colonies with evidence of lumen. Our findings suggest that RARg down modulation and RARb induction could lead to CSC self-renewal inhibition and differentiation in triple negative mammary cancers.