TARGOVNIK Hector Manuel
Three Mutations (p.Q36H, p.G418fsX482, and g.IVS19-2A>C) in the Dual Oxidase 2 Gene Responsible for Congenital Goiter and Iodide Organification Defect.
VARELA, VIVIANA; RIVOLTA, CARINA MARCELA; ESPERANTE, SEBASTIÁN ANDRÉS; GRUÑEIRO-PAPENDIECK, LAURA; CHIESA, ANA; TARGOVNIK, HÉCTOR MANUEL
American Association for Chemical Chemistry
Lugar: Washington DC; Año: 2006 vol. 52 p. 182 - 182
Background: Iodide organification defects are associated with mutations in the dual oxidase 2 (DUOX2) gene and are characterized by a positive perchlorate discharge test. These mutations produce a congenital goitrous hypothyroidism, usually transmitted in an autosomal recessive mode. Methods: We studied the complete coding sequence of the human DUOX2 gene by single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of DNA from 17 unrelated patients with iodide organification defects. Samples showing an aberrant pattern were directly sequenced. All mutations were validated by SSCP analysis. Finally, the effect of a splicing mutation was studied by construction of minigenes. Results: Genomic DNA sequencing revealed 3 novel mutations [c.108G>C (p.Q36H), c.1253delG (p.G418fsX482), and g.IVS19-2A>C] and 1 previously reported mutation [c.2895-2898delGTTC (p.S965fsX994)] in 2 families with 1 (family 1) and 2 (family 2) affected members. This implies the inheritance of 2 compound heterozygous mutations, p.Q36H and p.S965fsX994 in family 1 and p.G418fsX482 and g.IVS19-2A>C in family 2. The c.1253delG mutation was associated with a c.1254C>A transversion. In vitro transcription analysis showed that exon 20 is skipped entirely when the g.IVS19-2A>C mutation is present. The wild-type glutamine residue at position 36 is strictly conserved. Conclusions: Two previously unknown compound heterozygous mutations in the DUOX2 gene, p.Q36H/p.S965fsX994 and p.G418fsX482/g.IVS19-2A>C, are responsible for iodide organification defects in 2 unrelated families. Identification of the molecular basis of this disorder might be helpful for understanding the pathophysiology of this congenital hypothyroidism.