TARGOVNIK Hector Manuel
Analysis of thyroglobulin gene polymorphisms in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis
CAPUTO, MARIELA; RIVOLTA, CARINA MARCELA; MORIES, TERESA ; CORRALES, JUAN JOSÉ; GALINDO, PURIFICACIÓN; GONZÁLEZ-SARMIENTO, ROGELIO; TARGOVNIK , HÉCTOR MANUEL; MIRALLES-GARCÍA, JOSÉ MARÍA
HUMANA PRESS INC
Lugar: Neu-Isenburg; Año: 2010 vol. 37 p. 389 - 389
The autoimmune thyroid disease is a complex disorder caused by a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, which are believed to initiate the autoimmune response to thyroid antigens. Identification of the susceptibility genes has found that unique and diverse genetic factors are in association with Graves disease and autoimmune thyroiditis. The thyroglobulin gene is an identified thyroid-specific gene associated to autoimmune thyroid disease and, principally, with autoimmune thyroiditis. The aim of this work was to test for evidence of allelic association between autoimmune thyroiditis and thyroglobulin polymorphism markers. We studied six polymorphisms distributed throughout all the thyroglobulin gene: four microsatellites (Tgms1, Tgms2, TGrI29 and TGrI30), one insertion/deletion (Indel) polymorphism (IndelTG-IVS18) and one exonic single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) (c.7589G>A) in 122 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis compared with 100 non-related normal subjects. No differences in allele and genotype distribution were observed between autoimmune thyroiditis cases and controls for Tgms1, Tgms2, TGrI30, IndelTGIVS18 and c.7589G>A. However, when we analyzed the patients with the TGrI29 microsatellite we found a significant association between the 199-bp allele and AT (33.7% vs. 24.5% in control group) (P = 0.0372). In addition, a higher prevalence of the 201-bp allele has been observed in control subjects (47.5% vs. 38.1% in patients group), although not statistically significant (P = 0.0536). Our work shows the association between the thyroglobulin gene and autoimmune thyroiditis and reinforce that thyroglobulin is a thyroid-specific susceptibility gene for this disease.