SORDELLI Daniel Oscar
Tumor necrosis factor alpha plus interleukin 1 beta treatment protects granulocytopenic mice from Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection: role of an unusual inflammatory response
AMURA CR; FONTAN PA; SANJUAN N; NOCIARI MM; BUZZOLA FR; SORDELLI DO
Lugar: Denmark; Año: 1995 vol. 103 p. 447 - 459
We have recently demonstrated that treatment with interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) plus tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) protects granulocytopenic hosts from Pseudomonas aeruginosa aerosol challenge. In this study we characterized the inflammatory response induced by P. aerugionsa in granulocytopenic mice treated with 2,000 U IL-1 beta plus 2,000 U TNF alpha. Treatment with the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent piroxicam abolished both the protective effect of cytokine treatment and the increase in myeloperoxidase (MPO) pulmonary activity. Histopathological studies revealed that, after aerosol challenge with P. aeruginosa, treatment with these cytokines induced migration and extravasation of mononuclear cells of immature appearance into the lung parenchyma. These cells contained MPO in their cytoplasm and displayed phagocytic capacity. Resident alveolar macrophages exhibited signs of activation and appeared in reduced numbers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. We suggest that the inflammatory response promoted by low TNF alpha plus IL-1 beta doses may be one mechanism responsible for protection of granulocytopenic hosts from P. aeruginosa aerosol challenge.