SEIJO Jose Guillermo
Introgression of peanut smut resistance from landraces to elite peanut cultivars (Arachis hypogaea L)
BRESSANO, MARINA; MASSA, ALICIA N.; ARIAS, RENEE S.; DE BLAS, FRANCISCO; ODDINO, CLAUDIO; FAUSTINELLI, PAOLA C.; SOAVE, SARA; SOAVE, JUAN H.; PÉREZ, MARIA A.; SOBOLEV, VICTOR S.; LAMB, MARSHALL C.; BALZARINI, MONICA; BUTELER, MARIO I.; SEIJO, J. GUILLERMO
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Año: 2019 vol. 14
Smut disease caused by the fungal pathogen Thecaphora frezii Carranza & Lindquist is threatening the peanut production in Argentina. Fungicides commonly used in the peanut crop have shown little or no effect controlling the disease, making it a priority to obtain peanut varieties resistant to smut. In this study, recombinant inbred lines (RILs) were developed from three crosses between three susceptible peanut elite cultivars (Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea) and two resistant landraces (Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron). Parents and RILs were evaluated under high inoculum pressure (12000 teliospores g -1 of soil) over three years. Disease resistance parameters showed a broad range of variation with incidence mean values ranging from 1.0 to 35.0% and disease severity index ranging from 0.01 to 0.30. Average heritability (h 2 ) estimates of 0.61 to 0.73 indicated that resistance in the RILs was heritable, with several lines (4 to 7 from each cross) showing a high degree of resistance and stability over three years. Evidence of genetic transfer between genetically distinguishable germplasm (introgression in a broad sense) was further supported by simple-sequence repeats (SSRs) and Insertion/Deletion (InDel) marker genotyping. This is the first report of smut genetic resistance identified in peanut landraces and its introgression into elite peanut cultivars. This is an open access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication.