RIVOLTA Carina Marcela
Novel mutation p.A64D in the serpina7 gene as a cause of partial thyroxine-binding globulin deficiency associated with increases affinity in transthyretin by a know p.A109T mutation in the TTR gene.
SKLATE ROSANA T; OLCESE, MARÍA C.; MACCALLINI GUSTAVO C; GONZÁLEZ-SARMIENTO R; TARGOVNIK , HÉCTOR M.; RIVOLTA, CARINA M.
HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH
GEORG THIEME VERLAG KG
Año: 2014 vol. 46 p. 100 - 100
Partial thyroxine-binding globulin defi ciency (TBG-PD) is an endocrine defect with a prevalence of 1:4 000 in newborns. Due to the presence of a single TBG gene on the X chromosome, most familial TBG defects follow an X-linked inheritance pattern. Abnormal T4 binding to T4-binding prealbumin (TTR) is a rare cause of euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia, which is transmitted by autosomal dominant inheritance. The purpose of the present study was to identify and characterize new mutations in the Serpina7 and TTR genes in a complete family with typical TBGPD. All patients underwent clinical and biochemical evaluation. Sequencing of DNA, population screening by (SSCP) analysis, and bioinformatics studies were performed. Molecular studies revealed a novel p.A64D mutation in the exon 1 of Serpina7 gene associated with the previously reported p.A109T mutation in the exon 4 of TTR gene. To our knowledge, this is the fi rst report of a patient with a TBG-PD by a mutation in Serpina7 that was coincident with a mutation in TTR gene that increased affi nity of TTR for T 4 . This work contributes to elucidate the molecular basis of the defects of thyroid hormone transport in serum and the improvement of the diagnosis avoiding unnecessary therapy.