RAPISARDA Viviana Andrea
congresos y reuniones científicas
Low oxidative damage in E. coli stationary phase by a phosphate-dependent genes expression
SCHURIG-BRICCIO, L. A.; RINTOUL, M. R.; RAPISARDA, V. A.
Carlos Paz (Córdoba)
Congreso; XLIV Reunión Anual de SAIB; 2008
Bacteria have developed antioxidant defense systems for the protection against reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, these systems may be insufficient and ROS can produce oxidative damage. E. coli gradually decline the capacity to resist oxidative stress during stationary phase. We have previously reported that E. coli cells grown in media with phosphate above a critical concentration (>37 mM) had high viability and low NADH/NAD+ ratio in stationary phase. Here, we analyse the relationship between oxidative stress and the defense genes expression in stationary phase cells grown under this condition. The endogenous stress (as cellular ROS production) and the oxidative damage to lipids (as TBARS) and proteins (as carbonyl groups generation) were determined. The ROS production was minimal and consequently the levels of TBARS and protein carbonylation were lower than expected for stationary phase. In addition, cells were highly resistant to exogenous stress induced by H2O2. As well sodA, katG and ahpC expressions were assayed. Interestingly, katG and ahpC expressions were maintained high in late stationary phase. The presence of catalase and alkyl hydroperoxide reductase may explain the high viability and the low oxidative damage. Together, cells grown with high phosphate display advantages against oxidative stress in stationary phase.