RAPISARDA Viviana Andrea
Polyhexamethylene guanidine as a fungicide, disinfectant and wound protector in lemons challenged with Penicillium digitatum
OLMEDO, GABRIELA M.; CERIONI, LUCIANA; SEPULVEDA, MILENA; RAMALLO, JACQUELINE; RAPISARDA, VIVIANA A.; VOLENTINI, SABRINA I.
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Año: 2018 vol. 76 p. 128 - 134
Citrus green mold, a postharvest disease caused by Penicillium digitatum, provokes important economic losses on lemon production. Here, the effectiveness of polyhexamethylene guanidine (PHMG) to inhibit P. digitatum growth and to control green mold on artificially infected lemons was evaluated. At sublethal concentrations, PHMG inhibited conidia germination and infectivity (5 mg L−1), and mycelial growth (50 mg L−1). Viability of conidia was completely suppressed by treatment with 500 mg L−1 PHMG. In this condition, loss of membrane integrity, cell wall disruption and ultrastructural alterations were detected, as well as conidia distortion, deformation and collapse. In artificially inoculated lemons, a 30 s-immersion in 500 mg L−1 PHMG completely inhibited green mold. PHMG also exhibited a high disinfectant activity, even in the presence of 1% organic matter, with a better performance than the standard NaClO disinfectant. In addition, 500 mg L−1 PHMG protected wounds against infection. Taken together, our results indicate that PHMG is a promising fungicide for the postharvest control of green mold in lemon packinghouses.