INSTITUTO DE FISICA DE BUENOS AIRES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
capítulos de libros
The Polarization Propagator Approach as a Tool to Study Electronic Molecular Structures from High-Resolution NMR Parameters
G. A. AUCAR; M. C. RUIZ DE AZÚA; C. G. GIRIBET
High resolution NMR spectroscopy: understanding molecules and their electronic structures
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2013; p. 116 - 160
Polarization propagators (PP) are powerful theoretical tools that al- low carrying out a deep analysis of the electronic mechanisms underlying any molecular response property. The IPPP (inner projections of the PP) and CLOPPA (contributions from localized orbitals within the PP) approaches described in section 2 were developed to fully take advantage of this power of analysis for the study of NMR spectroscopic parame- ters. They are based on the use of localized molecular orbitals related to chemically intuitive concepts to decompose the mathematical expres- sion of these parameters into coupling pathways, or shielding pathways. Each of them may be furthermore decomposed into two new objects: i) perturbators which give information on the efficiency of a given magnetic perturbation to produce local excitations, and ii) the principal propa- gator matrix elements which provide deep understanding on the way perturbations are transmitted within the electronic framework of the molecule under study. Applications are presented in Section 3, both within semiempirical and ab intio approaches: the Karplus rule, a general analysis of the signs of J couplings, sigma pi decomposition, hyperconjugative effects in transmission of J couplings, general features of 1J couplings, and in- termolecular couplings in hydrogen bonded systems. All applications were especially selected to cover examples in which qualitative physical insight can be gained.