MIRANDA Leandro Andres
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH): from fish to mammalian brains.
GUSTAVO SOMOZA,; MIRANDA, LEANDRO ANDRES; LEONARDO GUILGUR,; STROBL MAZZULLA, PABLO
CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY.
Año: 2002 vol. 22 p. 589 - 589
1. This work deals with a family of neuropeptides, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), that play a key role in the development and maintenance of reproductive function in vertebrates. 2. Until now, a total of 16 GnRH structural variants have been isolated and characterized from vertebrate and protochordate nervous tissue. All vertebrate species already investigated have at least two GnRH forms coexisting in the central nervous system. However, it is now well accepted that three forms of GnRH in early and late evolved bony fishes are present. 3. In these cases, cGnRH-II is expressed by midbrain neurons, a species-specificGnRH is present mainly in the preoptic area and the hypothalamus, and sGnRH is localized in the terminal nerve ganglion (TNG). In this context it is possible to think that threeGnRHforms and three GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) subtypes are expressed in the central nervous system of a given species. 4. Then it is possible to propose three different GnRH lineages expressed by distinct brain areas in vertebrates: (1) the conserved cGnRH-II or mesencephalic lineage; or (2) the hypothalamic or releasing lineage whose primary structure has diverged by point mutations (mGnRH and its orthologous forms: hrGnRH, wfGnRH, cfGnRH, sbGnRH, and pjGnRH); and (3) the telencephalic sGnRH form. Also differentGnRHnomenclatures are discussed.