INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN HUMANIDADES Y CIENCIAS SOCIALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Francis Bacon's natural history and civi history: a comparative survey
Early Science and Medicine
Lugar: Leiden; Año: 2012 vol. 17 p. 32 - 32
The aim of this paper is to offer a comparative survey of Bacons theory and practice of natural history and civil history, particularly centered on their relationship to natural philosophy and human philosophy. I will try to show that the obvious differences concerning their subject matter encompass a number of less obvious methodological and philosophical assumptions which reveal significant practical and conceptual convergences between both fields. Causes or axioms are prescribed as the theoretical end-products of natural history, whereas precepts are envisaged as the speculative outcomes derived from perfect civil history. In spite of this difference, causes and precepts are addressed to enable effective actions in order to change the state of nature and man respectively. For that reason a number of common patterns are to be found in Bacons theory and practice of natural and civil history.