ISLA Maria Ines
Inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism by the Andean crude drug Parastrephia lucida (Meyen) Cabrera
ROMINA E. DALMEIDA, MARÍA I. ISLA, ELINA DE L. VILDOZA, CRISTINA QUISPE, GUILLERMO SCHMEDA-HIRSCHMANN, MARÍA R. ALBERTO
JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2013 vol. 150 p. 1080 - 1086
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Parastrephia lucida (Meyen) Cabrera is used in the traditional medicine of Argentinean highlands as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory medicinal plant. To give scientific support to the ethnopharmacological claim of Parastrephia lucida as an anti-inflammatory crude drug the effect of Parastrephia lucida extracts and fractions was assessed on key enzymes of the biosynthesis of pro-inflammatory eicosanoids mediators from arachidonic acid (AA). Materials and methods: A bio-guided fractionation of the plant extract was carried out to find out the compounds or mixtures responsible for the anti-inflammatory effect. The extracts and fractions were tested in vitro for their ability to inhibit the enzymes cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2, lipoxygenase (LOX) and phospholipase (sPLA2). Fractions were analyzed by HPLC?MS, HPLC?ESI-MS/MS and NMR to relate the effect with groups of secondary metabolites. Results: Parastrephia lucida was more effective inhibiting COX and sPLA2 than LOX. Assay-guided isolation led to the active fractions C and F which showed different effect on the selected enzymes. The fraction C was more effective inhibiting LOX while fraction F showed better activity against sPLA2 and COX-2. Both fractions were further worked-up following the isolation of the anti-inflammatory agents with the selected enzyme assays. The main compounds identified in the most active fractions were 5,4′-dihydroxi-7-methoxyflavanone, apigenin, apigenin methyl ether and apigenin trimethyl ether, methyl and dimethyl ethers from quercetin, kaempferol and luteolin methyl ether, ferulic acid esters, cinnamic acid and vanillin. Conclusions: Parastrephia lucida extract inhibit AA metabolism via several enzymes. The results give support to the traditional use of this plant for the treatment of inflammatory disorders.