GEFFNER Jorge Raul
Sphingosylphosphorylcholine activates dendritic cells, stimulating the production of interleukin-12
CEBALLOS A, SABATTÉ J, NAHMOD K, MARTÍNEZ D, SALAMONE G, VERMEULEN M, MAGGINI J, SALOMÓN H, GEFFNER J.
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2007 vol. 121 p. 328 - 336
Compared with other lysophospholipid mediators such as sphingosine-1-phosphate and lysophosphatidic acid, little is known about the physiological significance of the related bioactive lysosphingolipid sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC), which is present in high-density lipoprotein particles. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of SPC on human immature dendritic cells (DCs). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and flow cytometry assays revealed that DCs express two putative receptors for SPC, ovarian cancer G-protein-coupled receptor 1 and G-protein-coupled receptor 4. Exposure to SPC induced a rapid and transient increase in intracellular free calcium concentrations but did not stimulate endocytosis or chemotaxis of DCs. SPC increased the expression of HLA-DR, CD86 and CD83 and improved the T-cell priming ability of DCs, as well as the ability of DCs to stimulate the production of interferon-gamma by allogeneic peripheral blood mononuclear cells during the mixed lymphocyte reaction. Consistent with these results, we also observed that SPC stimulated the production of interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-18 by DCs. Taken together, our results support the notion that the accumulation of SPC in peripheral tissues during the course of inflammatory processes may favour the development of T helper type 1 immunity.