FARIÑA Julia Ines
Critical influence of culture medium and Cr(III) quantification protocols on the interpretation of Cr(VI) bioremediation by environmental fungal isolates
P.M. FERNÁNDEZ; L.I.C. FIGUEROA; J.I. FARIÑA
WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION
Lugar: Dordrecht; Año: 2010 vol. 206 p. 283 - 283
The influence of culture medium composition on the chromium(VI) quantification according to the diphenylcarbazide (DPC) colorimetric determination was evaluated. Considering the eventual biospeciation of Cr(VI) as a mechanism of microbial bioremediation, the possibility to quantify Cr(III) in culture medium was also explored. Yeast Nitrogen Base (YNB) was identified as the least interferent culture medium for Cr(VI) quantification by DPC and it was applied to compare different strategies for Cr(III) oxidation. The most appropriate oxidation protocol consisted in the reaction with 80 mM KIO4 at room temperature for 30 min prior to DPC. Parameters like basal culture medium (vitamins + salts + oligoelements), C- and N-source were systematically evaluated, either independently or in combination. Results demonstrated that C-source was the most interferent culture medium component, being the use of sucrose preferable to glucose. A medium arbitrarily named as YNB´ (YNB w/o aminoacids and ammonium sulfate plus 50 g l-1 sucrose and 0.6 g l-1 (NH4)2SO4) was defined for Cr(VI)-amended fungal cultures. Kinetics of growth, Cr(VI) removal and nutrient consumption for isolates A. pullulans VR-8, filamentous fungus PMF-1, and Lecythophora sp. NGV-1 were obtained. The order of Cr(VI)-removal efficiency was as follows: A. pullulans VR-8 > Lecythophora sp. NGV-1 > filamentous fungus PMF-1, and a similar trend was observed for biomass yield and nutrients consumption. Studies on biospeciation by means of the selected Cr(III) oxidation protocol were unsuccessful, leading to Cr(VI) values much lower than expected. It revealed that this kind of protocols should be cautiously evaluated when studying microbial Cr(VI) bioremediation.