ECHENIQUE Carmen Viviana
congresos y reuniones científicas
Gene Expression Study in Diplosporous and Sexual Eragrostis curvula Genotypes with Different Ploidy Levels using ESTs and Differential Display.
Wernigerode, Alemania
Conferencia; he 9th Gatersleben Research Conference and 3rd International Conference on Apomixis.; 2007
The molecular nature of gene expression during the initiation and progress of diplosporous apomixis is still unknown. Moreover, the basis of the close correlation between diplospory and polyploidy is not clarified yet. A comparative expression analysis was performed based on ESTs (expressed sequence tags) sequencing and differential display in near isogenic lines of E. curvula, a diplosporous apomictic forage grass. A tetraploid genotype (T, 4x apo), a sexual diploid derivative obtained from tissue culture (D, 2x sex) and an artificial sexual tetraploid obtained from the diploid seeds after colchicine treatment (C, 4x sex) were used. A collection of ESTs was generated from 3 cDNA libraries derived from panicles of the near-isogenic lines and one from 12 days-old plant leaves. A total of 12,295 high-quality ESTs were clustered and assembled, rendering 8,884 unigenes (1,490 contigs and 7,394 singletons). A total of 7,029 (79.11%) unigenes were functionally categorized by BLASTX analysis against sequences deposited in public databases, but only 37.80 % could be classified according to Gene Ontology and 50% using the cereals gene index (GI). From the total of unigenes derived from the inflorescence libraries, 112 (1.26%) showed significant differential expression in individuals with different ploidy level and/or variable reproductive mode. Independent comparisons between plants with different reproductive mode (same ploidy) or different ploidy level (same reproductive mode) allowed the identification of genes modulated in response to diplosporous development or polyploidization, respectively. A group of genes were differentially expressed or silenced only in the 4x sex plant, while revealing similar levels of expression in the 4x apo and the 2x sex genotypes. Differential display analysis showed that, in general, the 4x apo and 4x sex gene expression profiles were more related and different from the 2x sex one, but confirmed the expression of this particular group of genes, in both inflorescences and leaves. The possible biological significance of this is that an increase in ploidy level requires the activation/silencing of this group of genes, but for some reason this activation/silencing fails in the diplosporous plant. It is tempting to hypothesize that the expression repatterning for a number of genes during the ?genetic diploidization? process abort in diplosporous plants (whereas the same expression pattern of the sexual diploid plant is maintained), and possibly diplospory itself could be the consequence of this failure. We can not discard an effect of the colchicine treatment. The high proportion of functionally non-categorized genes keeps open the possibility of finding novel genes involved in diplospory and its regulation. The 254 EST-SSRs and 190 SNPs detected in this study also provide a valuable resource for mapping the region associated to diplospory in Eragrostis.