CAMPERI Silvia Andrea
A short peptide fragment of the vascular endothelial growth factor as a novel ligand for bevacizumab purification
G. R. BARREDO; S. L. GIUDICESSI; M. C. MARTÍNEZ CERON; S. L. SAAVEDRA; S. RODRIGUEZ; L. FILGUEIRA RISSO; ERRA-BALSELLS, R.; F. ALBERICIO; O. CASCONE; S. A, CAMPERI
PROTEIN EXPRESSION AND PURIFICATION
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2019
Bevacizumab is a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-directed monoclonal antibody (mAb) used for the treatment of several human cancers. Given that bevacizumab is administered intravenously, it must have extremely high purity, which is achieved by purification with protein A affinity chromatography (AC). However, protein A is a very expensive ligand, thereby increasing the cost of purification. Furthermore, the harsh elution conditions required to recover bevacizumab from the AC column can damage both the mAb and protein A. In contrast, short peptides show higher stability, easier synthesis and lower cost and are therefore ideal ligands for AC. In the present study, the peptide Ac-PHQGQHIGVSK contained in the VEGF fragment that binds bevacizumab, was synthesized and immobilized on agarose. The peptidyl-agarose showed affinity for bevacizumab, with an equilibrium dissociation constant value of 2.20.5 x 10−7 M under optimal conditions. Samples of CHO cell filtrate producing bevacizumab were loaded on the peptidyl-agarose chromatography column. Bevacizumab was recovered from the elution fraction with a yield of 94% and a purity of 98%. The maximum capacity (qm) 382 mg of bevacizumab per mL of matrix was comparable to that of commercial protein A matrices. Moreover, the peptide ligand showed greater stability and a lower cost than protein A. Unlike peptides previously reported for IgG purification, the ligand described herein allows mAb elution under mild conditions, thereby favoring the integrity of bevacizumab. The lack of Trp, Met or Cys in the peptide prevents its oxidation and extends the useful life of the chromatographic matrix.