CAMPERI Silvia Andrea
Use of a phosphopeptide as a ligand to purify phospholipase A2 from the venom of Crotalus durisuss terrificus by affinity chromatography
S. L. SAAVEDRA; G. ACOSTA; L. ÁVILA; S. L. GIUDICESSI; S. A. CAMPERI; F. ALBERICIO; O.CASCONE; M. C. MARTÍNEZ CERON
Journal of Chromatography B
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2020
The venom of Crotalus durissus terrificus (Cdt) is a source of a wide variety of toxins, some of them with interesting pharmacological applications. Of these toxins, the phospholipase A2 (PLA2) subunit of crotoxin (Ctx) has been studied for its potential as an antiviral, antibacterial and antitumoral agent. Peptides have proven useful ligands for the purification of numerous molecules, including antibodies, toxins, enzymes and other proteins. Here we sought to use a phosphopeptide (P-Lys) as a ligand for PLA2 purification. P-Lys was synthesized in solid phase on Rink-Amide-ChemMatrix resin immobilized on NHS-agarose, and then evaluated as a chromatographic matrix. Under the best conditions, total protein adsorption reached 39% and only the eluate fraction presented PLA2 activity. Analysis of the eluate by SDS-PAGE showed three bands, one corresponding to the molecular weight of PLA2 (14 kDa). Said bands were analyzed by mass spectrometry and identified as PLA2 and its multimers. The final product showed a purity of over 90%. In addition, the process also allowed the isolation of crotamine.