INSTITUTO DE BIOTECNOLOGIA Y BIOLOGIA MOLECULAR
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
FLIL EFFECTS ON SWIMMING AND SWARMING BEHAVIOR OF Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens
F. MENGUCCI , J. CARRIÑO , C. DARDIS , A. LODEIRO , E.J. MONGIARDINI , J.I. QUELAS
Congreso; XI Congreso argentino de microbiología molecular; 2015
Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens is a motile soil α-proteobacterium that can live in free-living state or in N2 -fixing symbiosis withsoybean. Thanks to this ability, B. diazoefficiens is used as commercial inoculants for soybean crops. Previous works in our labshowed that motility and distribution of these rhizobia in soil are determining factors of their symbiotic efficiency. There arediverse modes of bacterial motility among which swimming of individual cells in liquid media, and swarming of multicellularlayers on solid or semi-solid surfaces. Both are propelled by flagella. B. diazoefficiens has two different flagellar systems: asubpolar system that is constitutively expressed and a lateral system that is inducible. Each system is composed of differentsets of proteins, and both contribute to swimming and swarming. Lateral flagella induction is affected by the type of carbonsource, viscosity, pH, or growth in liquid or semi-solid agar. FliL is a flagellar protein that is important for bacterial motility, whoserole remains unclear despite it has been studied in several bacterial species. It seems to be associated to the flagellar basalbody and would contribute to the stability of the flagellar structure when flagellar load increases. B. diazoefficiens USDA 110have two putative fliL, each one related to the subpolar or lateral flagellar gene clusters (fliL1 and fliL2, respectively). Accordingto TMHMM 2.0 server, both FliL have a single trans-membrane domain in the N-terminal position, but it seems that FliL2 isperiplasmic, whereas all FliL1 appear to reside in the cytoplasm. In order to study their roles, we obtained unmarked in-framedeletional mutants for each gene in the B. diazoefficiens type strain USDA 110. These two mutants (named LP5826 and LP6868for fliL1 and fliL2 deletions) were evaluated for swimming in liquid, semi-solid and viscous media. Also, LP6868 was analyzed forswarming. In semi-solid medium, only the diameter of LP6868 swimming halo was smaller than the wild-type, even when thesubpolar and lateral filaments were expressed normally, as judged by SDS-PAGE of flagellins and electron microscopy of wholecells. This difference in motility was steeper in viscous medium (5% PVP). These results suggest that in this fliL2 deletionmutant the lateral flagella were stopped and/or had less torque than the wild-type flagella. In contrast, LP6868 can swarm a little more than the wild-type, and the edge of swarming colony presented elongated cells. Similar results were obtained in a previouswork in Proteus mirabilis fliL mutants. In summary, our results showed that FliL2, but not FliL1, have effects on B. diazoefficiensswimming and swarming behavior. The role of FliL1 in subpolar flagellum remains unclear.