PODEROSO Juan Jose
The reaction of nitric oxide with 6-hydroxydopamine: implications for Parkinson?s disease
RIOBÓ, NA, SCHÖPFER, F, BOVERIS, A, CADENAS, E, PODEROSO, JJ
FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
Año: 2002 vol. 32 p. 115 - 115
Oxidation of catecholamines is suggested to contribute to oxidative stress in Parkinson's disease. Nitric oxide (*NO) is able to oxidize cyclic compounds like ubiquinol; moreover, recent lines of evidence proposed a direct role of *NO and its by-product peroxynitrite in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the potential reaction between 6-hydroxydopamine, a classic inducer of Parkinson's disease, and *NO. The results showed that *NO reacts with the deprotonated form of 6-hydroxydopamine at pH 7 and 37 degrees C with a second-order rate constant of 1.5 x 10(3) M(-1) x s(-1) as calculated by the rate of *NO decay measured with an amperometric sensor. Accordingly, the rates of formation of 6-hydroxy-dopamine quinone were dependent on *NO concentration. The coincubation of *NO and 6-hydroxydopamine with either bovine serum albumin or alpha-synuclein led to tyrosine nitration of the protein, in a concentration dependent-manner and sensitive to superoxide dismutase. These findings suggest the formation of peroxynitrite during the redox reactions following the interaction of 6-hydroxydopamine with *NO. The implications of this reaction for in vivo models are discussed in terms of the generation of reactive nitrogen and oxygen species within a propagation process that may play a significant role in neurodegenerative diseases.