CONTRATADOS
PODEROSO Juan Jose
artículos
Título:
Oxidative stress in muscle and liver of rats with septic syndrome
Autor/es:
LLESUY, S, EVELSON, P, GONZÁLEZ-FLECHA, B, PERALTA,J CARRERAS, MC, PODEROSO, JJ, BOVERIS, A
Revista:
FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
Referencias:
Año: 1994 vol. 16 p. 445 - 445
ISSN:
0891-5849
Resumen:
Sepsis, as infection associated to systemic manifestations, was produced in rats by cecal ligation and double perforation. Sham-operated rats were used as controls. The spontaneous chemiluminescence of rat adductor muscle and liver were measured at 6, 12, 24, and 30 h after the surgical procedure. Muscle chemiluminescence showed a maximal increase of about twofold (control emission 10 +/- 1 cps/cm2) after 6-12 h of sepsis, while liver chemiluminescence increased by about 80% (control emission: 11 +/- 1 cps/cm2) after 24 h of sepsis. The activities of muscle antioxidant enzymes were found maximally diminished after 12 h of sepsis: 46% decrease for Mn-superoxide dismutase, 83% decrease for catalase, and 55% decrease for glutathione peroxidase. In liver, only catalase activity showed a 52% decrease after 24 h of sepsis. State 3 oxygen uptake of muscle mitochondria with either malate-glutamate or succinate as substrates was 40% decreased after 12 h of sepsis in both cases. State 4 oxygen uptake of muscle mitochondria was not affected. The rate of H2O2 production of muscle mitochondria after 12 h of sepsis with either malate-glutamate or succinate as substrates was increased about 2.5 times but was not affected when assayed in the presence of as rotenone and antimycin. The oxygen uptake of liver mitochondria isolated from septic rats did not show differences as compared with those of control rats after 6 to 24 h of sepsis. Oxidative stress appears to occur in skeletal muscle early at the onset of the septic syndrome, with inhibition of active mitochondrial respiration and inactivation of antioxidant enzymes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)