PODEROSO Juan Jose
Oxidative stress in skeletal muscle during sepsis in rats
PERALTA, JG, LLESUY, S, EVELSON, P, CARRERAS, MC, GONZÁLEZ FLECHA, B, PODEROSO, JJ
Año: 1993 vol. 39 p. 153 - 153
Skeletal muscle is a target organ during sepsis; nevertheless, there is no evidence of a possible free radical overproduction with tissue damage in this situation. We studied Sprague Dawley female rats in two groups: a septic group with cecal ligation and double cecal perforation and a control group that was sham operated. Hind limb adductor muscles spontaneous chemiluminescence was measured at 2, 4, 6, 12, 24, and 30 hr after the surgical procedure as the expression of oxygen excited species generation. Muscle samples were also taken and activity of the principal antioxidant enzymes--superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and glutathione peroxidase--as well as myeloperoxidase, an index of neutrophil infiltration was determined. CPK seric assays at 12 and 24 hr were used to reflect muscle injury and revealed high levels. Previously administered bovine superoxide dismutase was employed to prevent or attenuate oxidative stress. The results showed that light emission by rat skeletal muscle doubled from 4 to 12 hr of sepsis and could be attenuated with SOD pretreatment. Observed changes may be attributed to the production of oxygen free radicals that do not depend on local neutrophil infiltration. The detoxifying antioxidant enzyme activities in skeletal muscle were diminished (Mn SOD 46% at 6 hr, catalase 83% at 12 hr glutathione peroxidase 55% at 12 hr), which would also facilitate muscle septic damage.