PODEROSO Juan Jose
The Reaction Of Nitric Oxide With Ubiquinol: Kinetic Properties And Biological Significance
PODEROSO, JJ, CARRERAS, MC, SCHÖPFER, F, LISDERO, CL, RIOBÓ, NA, GIULIVI, C, BOVERIS, A, BOVERIS, AA, CADENAS, E
FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
Año: 1999 vol. 26 p. 925 - 925
The reaction of nitric oxide (*NO) with ubiquinol-0 and ubiquinol-2, short-chain analogs of coenzyme Q, was examined in anaerobic and aerobic conditions in terms of formation of intermediates and stable molecular products. The chemical reactivity of ubiquinol-0 and ubiquinol-2 towards *NO differed only quantitatively, the reactions of ubiquinol-2 being slightly faster than those of ubiquinol-0. The ubiquinol/*NO reaction entailed oxidation of ubiquinol to ubiquinone and reduction of *NO to NO-, the latter identified by its reaction with metmyoglobin to form nitroxylmyoglobin and indirectly by measurement of nitrous oxide (N2O) by gas chromatography. Both the rate of ubiquinone accumulation and *NO consumption were linearly dependent on ubiquinol and *NO concentrations. The stoichiometry of *NO consumed per either ubiquinone formed or ubiquinol oxidized was 1.86 A 0.34. The reaction of *NO with ubiquinols proceeded with intermediate formation of ubisemiquinones that were detected by direct EPR. The second order rate constants of the reactions of ubiquinol-0 and ubiquinol-2 with *NO were 0.49 and 1.6 x 10(4) M(-1)s(-1), respectively. Studies in aerobic conditions revealed that the reaction of *NO with ubiquinols was associated with O2 consumption. The formation of oxyradicals - identified by spin trapping EPR- during ubiquinol autoxidation was inhibited by *NO, thus indicating that the O2 consumption triggered by *NO could not be directly accounted for in terms of oxyradical formation or H2O2 accumulation. It is suggested that oxyradical formation is inhibited by the rapid removal of superoxide anion by *NO to yield peroxynitrite, which subsequently may be involved in the propagation of ubiquinol oxidation. The biological significance of the reaction of ubiquinols with *NO is discussed in terms of the cellular O2 gradients, the steady-state levels of ubiquinols and *NO, and the distribution of ubiquinone (largely in its reduced form) in biological membranes with emphasis on the inner mitochondrial membrane.