PODEROSO Juan Jose
Hospital and 1-year outcomes of septic syndromes in older people: a cohort study
REGAZZONI CJ, ZAMORA RJ, PETRUCCI E, PISAREVSKY AA, SAAD AK, DE MOLLEIN D, LUNA CM, PODEROSO JJ.
JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES A-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND MEDICAL SCIENCES
GERONTOLOGICAL SOC AMER
Año: 2008 vol. 63 p. 210 - 210
PURPOSE: Our objective was to describe the relationship between sepsis syndrome mortality and cognitive and physical disability in elderly persons. METHODS: A 1-year consecutive cohort study in clinical beds of a university hospital was performed. Variables were severity of sepsis syndrome, organ failure, functional status, age, sex, and positive cultures. Outcomes were in-hospital and 1-year mortalities. RESULTS: The study included 137 patients (>70 years), both sexes. Data from 116 (84.5%) patients were obtainable at 1-year follow-up. Forty-eight (35%) patients presented with sepsis (11/137, 8%) or severe sepsis (37/137, 27%). In-hospital mortality was 15.3% (0% for sepsis and 21.8% if severe) and increased with organ failure (p <.0001). One-year mortality was 54.78% (63/116), mostly related to severe sepsis; predictors were severe organ failure (p <.0001), prior functional status (p =.0005), and Mini-Mental State Examination (p =.03). Prior functional status and organ failure were independent predictors. CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital and 1-year mortality increased with septic syndrome severity, prior functional status, and organ failure.