PODEROSO Juan Jose
Reactions of peroxynitrite in the mitochondrial matrix
VALDÉZ, LB, ALVAREZ, S, ARNAIZ, SL, SCHÖPFER, F, CARRERAS, MC, PODEROSO, JJ, BOVERIS, A
FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
Año: 2000 vol. 29 p. 349 - 349
Superoxide radical (O2-) and nitric oxide (NO) produced at the mitochondrial inner membrane react to form peroxynitrite (ONOO-) in the mitochondrial matrix. Intramitochondrial ONOO- effectively reacts with a few biomolecules according to reaction constants and intramitochondrial concentrations. The second-order reaction constants (in M(-1) s(-1)) of ONOO- with NADH (233 +/- 27), ubiquinol-0 (485 +/- 54) and GSH (183 +/- 12) were determined fluorometrically by a simple competition assay of product formation. The oxidation of the components of the mitochondrial matrix by ONOO- was also followed in the presence of CO2, to assess the reactivity of the nitrosoperoxocarboxylate adduct (ONOOCO2-) towards the same reductants. The ratio of product formation was about similar both in the presence of 2.5 mM CO2 and in air-equilibrated conditions. Liver submitochondrial particles supplemented with 0.25-2 microM ONOO- showed a O2- production that indicated ubisemiquinone formation and autooxidation. The nitration of mitochondrial proteins produced after addition of 200 microM ONOO- was observed by Western blot analysis. Protein nitration was prevented by the addition of 50-200 microM ubiquinol-0 or GSH. An intramitochondrial steady state concentration of about 2 nM ONOO- was calculated, taking into account the rate constants and concentrations of ONOO- coreactants.