INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES FISICAS DE MAR DEL PLATA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Epidemic model with isolation in multilayer networks
L. G. ALVAREZ ZUZEK; H. E. STANLEY; L. A. BRAUNSTEIN
Nature Publishing Group
Año: 2015 vol. 5
The Susceptible-Infected-Recovered ($SIR$) model has successfully mimicked the propagation of such airborne diseases as influenza A (H1N1). Although the $SIR$ model has recently been studied in a multilayer networks configuration, in almost all the research the isolation of infected individuals is disregarded. Hence we focus our study in an epidemic model in a two-layer network, and we use an isolation parameter $w$ to measure the effect of quarantining infected individuals from both layers during an isolation period $t_w$. We call this process the Susceptible-Infected-Isolated-Recovered ($SI_IR$) model. Using the framework of link percolation we find that isolation reduces the critical epidemic threshold of the disease because} the time in which infection can spread is reduced. In this scenario we find that this threshold increases with $w$ and $t_w$. When the isolation period is maximum there is a critical threshold for $w$ above which the disease never becomes an epidemic. We also find that epidemic models, like $SIR$ overestimate the critical epidemic threshold. We simulate the process and found an excellent agreement with the theoretical results.