IFIMAR   20926
INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES FISICAS DE MAR DEL PLATA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Strategy of competition between two groups based on an inflexible contrarian opinion model
Autor/es:
Q. LI; L. A. BRAUNSTEIN; S. HAVLIN; H. E. STANLEY
Revista:
PHYSICAL REVIEW E - STATISTICAL PHYSICS, PLASMAS, FLUIDS AND RELATED INTERDISCIPLINARY TOPICS
Editorial:
American Phyical Society
Referencias:
Año: 2011 vol. 84 p. 661011 - 661011
ISSN:
1063-651X
Resumen:
We introduce an inflexible contrarian opinion (ICO) model in which a fraction p of inflexible contrarians within a group holds a strong opinion opposite to the opinion held by the rest of the group. At the initial stage, stable clusters of two opinions, A and B, exist. Then we introduce inflexible contrarians which hold a strong B opinion into the opinion A group. Through their interactions, the inflexible contrarians are able to decrease the size of the largest A opinion cluster and even destroy it. We see this kind of method in operation, e.g., when companies send free new products to potential customers in order to convince them to adopt their products and influence others to buy them. We study the ICO model, using two different strategies, on both Erd¨os-R´enyi and scale-free networks. In strategy I, the inflexible contrarians are positioned at random. In strategy II, the inflexible contrarians are chosen to be the highest-degree nodes. We find that for both strategies the size of the largest A cluster decreases to 0 as p increases as in a phase transition. At a critical threshold value, pc, the system undergoes a second-order phase transition that belongs to the same universality class of mean-field percolation. We find that even for an Erd¨os-R´enyi type model, where the degrees of the nodes are not so distinct, strategy II is significantly more effective in reducing the size of the largest A opinion cluster and, at very small values of p, the largest A opinion cluster is destroyed. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.84.066101 PACS number
rds']